Southern Pine Bark Beetle

Southern Pine Beetles (Dendroctonus frontalis), along with several other types of bark beetles, are known to attack and kill southern yellow pines during periods of environmental stress. These beetles bore into the cambium in large groups, and disrupt nutrient and water movement, thus killing the tree. Several of these species also introduce a fungus, known […]

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Scale Insects

Scale insects are common insect pests on ornamental trees and shrubs in landscapes. They feed, with their tube-like mouthparts, within the vascular system, where nutrients and fluids are transported. Scales rarely kill a plant by themselves but may predispose plants to attack from wood-boring insects or open up wounds that provide entry sites for plant […]

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Horned Oak Gall Wasp

The horned oak gall is a golf ball-sized growth caused by a small wasp insect (Callirhytis cornigera) which can cause extreme disfiguring and dieback of certain oak species. They are often found on young twigs and have protruding horns through which young females emerge to continue the cycle. Another gall maker is the gouty oak […]

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Gypsy Moth

The gypsy moth (Lymantria dispar) was accidentally introduced to the United States in the 1800’s. Originally brought to the U.S. to manufacture silk, it subsequently escaped and has caused extensive foliar damage to a diverse array of deciduous trees. Under wet, rainy conditions, gypsy moth populations can be naturally controlled by a fungus (Entomphaga maimaiga), […]

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Fungus Gnat

Fungus Gnats adults resemble small mosquitos and are commonly found in homes & offices as well as professional cultivation spaces. The fungus gnat has 4 developmental stages; egg, larvae (4 instars), pupa & adult. This life cycle can be completed in as little as 2 weeks (80F; 27C) or as long as 4 weeks (55F; […]

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Bur Oak Blight

    Bur Oak Blight (Tubakia iowensis), or BOB, is a serious and progressive leaf disease that leads to the decline of certain Bur Oak (Quercus macrocarpa) trees. Repeated, and progressive disease development will weaken the tree and allow for secondary problems such as Two Lined Chestnut Borer, which may result in tree death. BOB […]

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Lethal Bronzing

Lethal Bronzing (also known as Texas Phoenix Palm Decline) is caused by Phytoplasma palmae (a mollicute similar to bacteria, but lacking a cell wall) that is closely related to Palm Lethal Yellowing . Lethal Bronzing was first described in 1980 in Texas, and first reported in Hillsborough County, FL in 2006. Since 2006, it has […]

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South American Palm Weevil

The South American Palm Weevil (Rhynchophorus palmarum) is one of a few destructive weevils known especially for attacking Canary Island date palms (Phoenix canariencsis). First discovered in 2010 in San Diego, California, the SAPW poses a major threat to palm trees in the South West. Adult beetles are deep glossy black and can be up […]

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Japanese Beetle

The Japanese beetle is native to Japan, but arrived in New Jersey before 1916. It’s suspected that the beetle larvae entered our country in a shipment of iris bulbs several years earlier, and before inspection of commodities began. The infestation quickly worsened, and now, nearly every eastern and mid-western state fights the pest off yearly. […]

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Spotted Lanternfly

Spotted Lanternfly is an invasive pest native to Japan, China, India, Korea  and Vietnam, which was first discovered in Pennsylvania in 2014. While it prefers to feed on Tree of Heaven, nymphs will feed on a wide range of species, including grape vines and fruit trees. Capable of traveling only short distances on its own, […]

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